Yun Yang Song


Lohans 1-6

Pindola the Bharadvaja (Deer-Sitting Lohan)
Sitting dignified on a deer, as if in deep thought. With perfect composure, contented with being above worldly pursuits.

Pindola the Bharadvaja, from a high caste Brahmin family, was formerly a powerful government official in an Indian Kingdom, highly trusted by the King. One day, he suddenly decided to become a Buddhist monk and left to join a monastery deep in the mountains. Later he returned to the palace riding a deer. The king offered him back his position. Bharadvaja declined but instead he asked the king to join him. After a long conversation, using various metaphors to explain the sins of the flesh and desires, he finally convinced the king, who abdicated in favour of his son and followed Bharadvaja to become a monk.

Happy Lohan(Kanaka the Vatsa)
Decimating the demons, the universe now cleared. Hands raised for jubilation, bewilder with joy.

Kanaka the Vatsa was a well-known public speaker and debater of the Buddhist doctrines. When asked what happiness is, he would answer that it is experienced through the five senses. When asked what bliss is, he would reply that bliss is joy coming not from the five senses, but from deep within like feeling Buddha is in his heart. He often wore a smiling countenance during debates and was famous for his preaching in happiness, therefore he is called the Happy Lohan.

Raised Bowl Lohan (Kanaka the Bharadvaja)
In majestic grandeur, Joy descends from heaven. Raised the bowl to receive happiness, glowing with jubilance and exultation.

Kanaka the Bharadvaja was a Buddhist mendicant monk who took alms by raising his bowl. After he attained enlightenment, he was called the Raised Bowl Lohan.

Raised Pagoda Lohan (Nandimitra)
A seven-storey pagoda, miraculous power of the Buddha. Forceful without being angry, with preeminent Buddhist might.

According to legend, this Lohan Nandimitra, the sweet one, was the last disciple of the Buddha. In memory of his dear beloved master, Nandimitra often carried a specially made pagoda with him, signifying that Buddha was always there, forever and ever. Before the introduction of Buddhism into China, there was no pagoda in the country. The Chinese had to create a new character from the first syllable of the original Sanskrit word to call this unique architectural structure. In Buddhism, the pagoda is a container for the Buddha’s bones, and therefore, symbolises faith.

Meditating Lohan (Nakula)
Quietly cultivating the mind, a countenance calm and composed. Serene and dignified, to enter the Western Paradise.

According to tradition, this lohan, Nakula or Pakula, was originally a warrior with immense strength. He gave up the life of fighting and killing to become a monk, finally attaining enlightenment through constant meditation. However, due to his former profession, he still exuded much physical strength even during meditation. In mythology, this lohan’s sphere of influence extended through all of India, and was considered one of Buddha’s favourite disciples.

Oversea Lohan (Bodhidruma)
Bearing the sutras, sail east to spread the word. Climbing mountains for fording streams, for the deliverance of humanity.

Bodhidruma in Sanskrit means virtuous and sagacious. It is also the name of a rare tree in India, the bodhi which has become famous and known as the tree of wisdom because Sakyamuni Buddha became enlightened under its shade. This lohan was born under such a tree and was given the name Bodhidruma. Legend has it that Bodhidruma was responsible for spreading Buddhism to the East Indies. From India he sailed across the ocean to land on the island of Java, hence the name”Oversea”

About the 18 Lohans | Lohans 1-6 | Lohans 7-12 | Lohans 13-18